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Women’s Political Participation in Lebanon: Gaps in Research and Approaches
El-Helou M. (1998a). Women and politics in Lebanon. In F. Abi Saab, J. Bahout, S. Takieh El-Din, M. El- Helou, F. El-Khazen, S. El- Douweihy, F. Sassine, P. Salem, I. Sleiman, M. Shaoul, D. Sadek, T. Attalah, K. Feghali, A. Ka’ii, H. Krayem, Z. Majed, A. Messarra, & N. Nassif (Eds.), The 1996 parliamentary elections and the crisis of democracy in Lebanon (pp.403-150). Beirut: Lebanese Center for Policy Studies.
El-Helou M. (1998b). Women candidates and members of parliament in the 1992 and 1996 election. Bahithat, IV, 171-202.
El-Helou M. (1999). Women in local elections. In F. Abi Saab, Z. Baroud, H. El-Hajj, M. El-Helou, N. Hamze, S. El Douweihy, H. Rizk, I. Sleiman, M. Sakr, C. Edwan, T. Attallah, N. El-Kadiri Issa, H. Krayem, K. Karam, Z. Majed, & M. A. Moukalled (Eds.), Municipal elections in Lebanon 1998: The
struggle for democracy in the structure of local communities (pp.417- 450). Beirut: Lebanese Center for Policy Studies.
El-Helou M. (2002). The political culture of Lebanese women. In A. Ashti, H. Hajj, M. El-Helou, F. El Khazen, T. Khayat, H. Rizk, M. Shaoul, & S. Nasr (Eds.), Parliamentary elections in Lebanon 2000: Between repetition and change (pp. 217-272). Beirut: Lebanese Center for Policy Studies.
El-Helou M. (2007). Consociational democracy in heterogeneous societies: An assessment of the Lebanese experience. In H. Krayem, M. El-Helou, H. Said, E. Picard, H. Ziade, H. Daoud, & F. Abed Al-Jabbar (Eds.), The problematic of consociational democracy in pluralist societies (pp. 29-55). Beirut: Lebanese Center for Policy Studies.
El- Helou M. (2009, Summer/Fall). Women quota in Lebanon: A false promise? Al-Raida, 126-127, 58-65. http://iwsaw.lau.edu.lb/publications/al-raida/al-raida-gender-quotas-and-parli.php
El-Helou M. (2009, April). Elite change and the role of women. Paper presented at the workshop of CMEC, IFES, LCPS, & ICG on the June 2009 Elections: Issues and Challenges, Beirut.
El-Helou M. (2013). An assessment of the experience of women members of Lebanese municipal councils. Beirut: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and Lebanese Family Planning Association.
Feghali K. (2005). al-mawsu’a al-’intikhabiya al-niyabiya, lubnan rabi’ 2005 [The encyclopedia of parliamentary elections, Lebanon spring 2005]. Beirut: Dar Mukhtarat.
Krayem H. (2003). Enhancing female representation in local councils and the quota proposal in Lebanon. Beirut: Friedrich Ebert & the Lebanese Commission for Women’s Rights. Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections. (2012). Taqrir hawla al-intikhabat fil ahzabal-lubnaniya [Report on the elections in the Lebanese political parties]. Retrieved from
Mgheizel, L. (1995). Women participation in power and decision making positions. In the proceeds of the lectures and workshops held in preparation for the Beijing conference 1994-1995. Beirut: Friedrich Ebert Foundation.
Sharaf El-Din, F., & Kiwan, F. (1996, June). The development of the status of women in power and decision making in Lebanon. Abaad, 5.
Statistics Lebanon (2009). Lebanese elections 2009. Beirut: Statistics Lebanon.
Status of Women in the MENA region (SWMENA), Lebanon. Retrieved from http://www.swmena.org/en/lebanon
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