Women and Ijtihad: Towards a New Islamic Discourse



How to Cite

Raouf Ezzat, H. (2019). Women and Ijtihad: Towards a New Islamic Discourse. Al-Raida Journal, 12-33. https://doi.org/10.32380/alrj.v0i0.1751


A phenomenon of extreme polarization between the Islamist and the secular camps characterizes the intellectual scene regarding social, economic, and political issues in the Arab-Islamic world. This is especially true with respect to women’s issues, which are a very hotly contested terrain.

Understanding this reality clearly requires a historic overview to comprehend how this polarization occurred and map the debate between supporters of “modernity and contemporality” (al-hadatha wa-l-mu‘asara) on the one hand, and supporters of “tradition and authenticity” (al-turath wal-asala) on the other. Though this is not at the heart of our research, framing it in its historical context enables us to better understand the roots and origins of the problem, in order to map the debates and foresee future courses more clearly.



Abdelhameed, Q. (1988). Khutub al-sheikh al-ghazali fi shu’un al-din wal-hayat, al-jizi’ al-awal Cairo: Dar Al-I’tissam.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1964). Difa’‘an al-’aqida wal shari’a dudd mata’en al-mustashriqin (3rd ed.).Cairo: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Haditha.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1975a). Al-Islam fi wajh al-zahf al-ahmar (5th ed.).Cairo: Dar Al-Mukhtar Al-Islami. Al-Ghazali, M. (1975b). Qathaif al-haq [XXX]. Beirut: Al-Maktaba Al-’Asriyah.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1977). Haqiqat al-qawmiyah al-’arabiya wa usturat al-ba’th al-’arabi (3rd ed.). Cairo: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Haditha.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1981). Dustur al-wehda al-thaqafiya bayna al-muslimin. Cairo: Dar Al-Ansar. Al-Ghazali, M. (1983a). Al-Islam wa-l-taqat al-Mu‘attalah (4th ed.). Cairo: Dar Al-Kotob

Al-Islamiyah. Al-Ghazali, M. (1983b). Huquq al-insan bayna ta‘alim al-Islam wa ̕ i‘lan al-umam al-muttahidah (3rd

ed.).Cairo: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Islamiyah.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1983c). Layssa min al-Islam. Cairo: Dar Al-Shuruq.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1984a). Ma’at su’al ‘an al-islam, al-juzu’ al-thani. Cairo: Dar Thabet.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1984b). Min ma‘alem al-haq fi kifahina al-islami al-hadith (4th ed.). Cairo: Dar Al-Sahwa.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1985). Al-da‘wa al-islamiyya tastaqbil qarnaha al-khamis ‘ashar. Cairo: Maktabat Wehbe.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1987a). Al-ghazu al-thaqafi yamtaddu fi faraghina. Cairo: Dar Al-Sahwa.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1987b). Al-tariq min huna. Cairo: Dar Al-Basheer.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1989). Al-sunnah al-nabawiya bayna ahl al-fiqh wa ahl al-hadith. Cairo: Dar Al-Shuruq.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1990a). Hatha dinuna (2nd ed.). Cairo, Dar Al-Shuruq.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1990b). Qadaya al-mar’a bayna al-taqalid al-rakida wa-l-wafida. Cairo: Dar Al-Shuruq.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1991a). Kifah din (5th ed.). Cairo: Dar Al-Kutub al-Islamiyah.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1991b). Sayhat tahthir min du’at at-tansir. Cairo: Dar Al-Sahwa.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1991c). Turathuna al-fikri fi mizan al-shari’ wa-l ‘aql. Cairo: Dar al-shuruq.

Al-Ghazali, M. (1994). Ma’rakat al-mushaf fi-l ‘alam al-islami (2nd ed.). Cairo: Dar Al-Kutub al-Haditha.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1977). Al-khassa’is al-’ammah lil-Islam (10th ed.).Cairo: Maktabat Wehbe.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1990). Al-muqaddimah [The introduction]. In A. Abou Sheqa (ed.), Tahrir al-mar’a fi ‘asr al-rissalah, al-jizi’ al-awal (10th ed.). Kuwait: Dar Al-Qalam.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1991). Awlawiyat al-haraka al-islamiya fi-l-marhala al-qadimah (12th ed.). Beirut: Dar Al-Rissalah.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1992a). Al-marja’iah al-’ulia fi-l islam lel qur’an wal sunnah: Dawabet wa mahathir fi al-fahm wal tafseer. Cairo: Maktabat Wehbe.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1992b). Liqa’at wa muhawarat hawla qadaya al-islam al-mu’asse. Cairo: Maktabat Wehbe.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1992c). Muslimat al-ghad (1st ed.). Cairo: Dar Al-Wafa’.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1993a). Fatawi mu‘assirah: Min hadyi al-islam, al-jizi’ al thani (2nd ed.). Cairo: Dar Al- Wafa’.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1993b). Malameh al-mujtama’ al-muslim allathi nanshuduh [Features of the Muslim community we desire] (10th ed.).Cairo: Maktabat Wehbe.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1995). Al-Islam hadarat al-ghad (1st ed.). Cairo: Maktabat Wehbe.

Baron, B. (1994). The woman’s awakening in Egypt: Culture, society and the press. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Friedan, B. (1998). Beyond gender: The new politics of work and family. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hussein, A., et al. (1993). Al-huquq al-qanuniah lil mar’a al-arabiya bayn al-nathariya wal tatbiq. Cairo: D.N.

Sharabi, H. (1992). Al-nitham al-‘abawi wa ishkaliyat takhalluf al-mujtama’ al-‘arabi. Beirut: Centre for Arab Unity Studies.


Download data is not yet available.