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Women with Disability and Employment in Egypt
Like everyone else persons with disabilities are in need of work because work gives status and value to the person. Work provides economic security and independence. Most of all work gives purpose to life (ILO 1995). It is a way to properly integrate men and women with disabilities and make them participate in social activities, which results in their better acceptance in the community and society (Hagrass 1998).
Abdel-Khalek, G. (2002). “Stabilization and Adjustment in Egypt: Sequencing and Sustainability”. In Bush, R. (Ed.). (2002). Counter-Revolution in Egypt’s Countryside: Land and Farmers in the Era of Economic Reform. Pp. 211-32. London and New York: Zed Books.
Al-Sabbah, F. (1984). Women in the Muslim Unconscious. New York: Pergamon Press.
Baron, S. et al. (1998). "The Best Burgers? The Person with Learning Difficulties as Worker". In Shakespeare, T. (Ed.) (1998 reprinted in and 2000) The Disability Reader: Social Science Perspectives. Pp.94-109. London and New York: Continuum.
Berthoud, R., Lakey, L., and McKay, S. (1993). The Economic Problems of Disabled People. London: Policy Studies Institute.
Blackwell-Stratton, M., Breslin, M., Byrnne Mayerson, A., and Bailry, S. (1988). “Smashing Icons: Disabled Women and the Disability and Women’s movements.” In Fine, M. and Asch, A. (Eds.) Women with Disabilities: Essays in Psychology, Culture and Politics pp. 306-32. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Boylan, E. (1991). Women and Disability. London: Zed Books Ltd.
Carlsson, B. (1997) “The UN Standard Rules from Women’s Point of View.” A paper presented to the WBU Committee on The Status of Blind Women Workshop. Stockholm.
“Convention No.C159”. http://ilolex.ilo.ch:1567/cgi-lex/ratifce.pl?c159 13/5/2002 11:50 PM.
El Banna, A. (1989). “The Situation of the Disabled in Egypt” Paper Presented to The Capabilities and Needs of Disabled Persons for ESCWA JORDAN, Amman.
-El-Safty, M. (1994). “Women and Disability: the Role of the Family”. Paper Presented to The Conference on The Role of The Family in Integrating Disabled Women into Society for ESCWA.
Fergany, N. (2002). “Poverty an Unemployment in Rural Egypt”. In Bush, R. (Ed.). (2002). Counter-Revolution in Egypt’s Countryside: Land and Farmers in the Era of Economic Reform. Pp. 211-32. London and New York: Zed Books.
Gad, H. (2002). “Dawr Wizarat Al-Kowah Al-cAmilah wa Al- Hijra fi Damj Zawi Al-Ehteyagat Al-Kassah fi Souk Al-cAmal”. Trans: “The Role of the Manpower Ministry in Integrating People with Special Needs in The Labor Market.” Paper presented to the conference of “Integrating People with Special Needs in Economic and Social Life”, for the American University in Cairo. Egypt, Cairo.
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Hahn, H. (1988). "The Politics of Physical Differences: Disability and Discrimination." Journal of Social Issues 44, Nov., Pp. 139-47.
Hagrass, H. (1994). “Women with Disability in Egypt” Paper Presented at The Conference on The Role of The Family in Integrating Disabled Women into Society for ESCWA Jordan, Amman.
Hagrass, H. (1998). Gender, Disability and Marriage, unpublished Master’s Degree Thesis presented to the American University in Cairo.
Ibrahim, Amal (1994). “The Extent and Nature of the Problem of Disabled Women and Children in Lebanon, with Particular Emphasis on their Socio-Economic Characteristics and their Integration or Marginalization”. Paper presented to The Seminar on the Role of the Family in Integrating Disabled Women into Society, for The ESCWA, Amman, Jordan 1994.
International Labor Organization. (1994). Manual on Disability for ILO Multidisciplinary Teams and Field Offices. Switzerland: ILO Publications.
International Labor Organization. (1995). Gender Issues in the World of Work: Gender Training Package. Switzerland: ILO Publications.
Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs (1987). Law 39 of 1975 for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled. Cairo: Al-Amireya Printing. (In Arabic).
Minow, Martha (1994). Making All The Difference: Inclusion, Exclusion, and American Law. New York: Cornell University Press.
Moore, H. (1990). Feminism and Anthropology. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.
Morris, J. (1991). Pride Against Prejudice: Transforming Attitudes to Disability. London: The Women’s Press Ltd.
Morris, J., Ed. (1996). Encounters with Strangers: Feminism and Disability. London: The Women’s Press Ltd.
Murphy, R. (1990). The Body Silent. New York: W.W. Norton and Co.
Murphy, R. (1995). “Encounters: The Body Silent in America,” In Gstad, B. and Whyte, S. R. (1995). Disability and Culture. Pp. 140-58. California: University of California Press.
Nosseir, N. (1989). “Women and Disability”, Paper Presented to The Conference on Capabilities and Needs of Disabled Persons for The ESCWA JORDAN, Amman.
Nosseir, N. (1990). “Disabled Females: Egypt” Paper Presented to the Seminar on Disabled Women, for the United Nations, Vienna, Austria.
Oliver, M. (1990). The Politics of Disablement. London: MacMillan.
Qandil, A. (1989). "Social Aspects of the Disabled in the Western Asia Region and the Importance of their Modification." Paper presented to The Conference on the Capabilities and Needs of Disabled Persons for the ESCWA. Amman, Jordan.
Scheper-Hughes, N. (1984) "The Mindful Body: a Prolegomenon to Future Work in Medical Anthropology." Medical Anthropological Quarterly. 1, no.s 6-41.
Shakespeare, T., Gillespies-Sells, K, and Davies, D. (1996). The Sexual Politics of Disability: Untold Desires. London and New York: Cassell.
Simon, B.L. (1988). “Never-Married Old women and Disability: Majority Experience.” In Fine, M. and Asch, A. (Eds.) Women with Disabilities: Essays in Psychology, Culture and Politics. Pp 215-26. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Susman, J. (1994). "Disability, Stigma, and Deviance." Social Sciences and Medicine. 38, no 1 15-22.
Walther, W. (1993). Women in Islam, Princeton and New York: Markus Wiener Publishing.
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