Have Arab women been able to be more effective and empowered through their work in civil society organizations? The answer to this question is both in the negative and positive i.e. women have made great achievements yet there are still serious obstacles to be overcome in addition to the setbacks that have occurred. This issue of Al-Raida will address this question through the articles within its pages.
Ibrahim, Saad El-Din. ‘Civil Society and Prospects for Democratization in the Arab World’, in Augustus Richard Norton (ed.), Civil Society in the
Middle East, vol. I, (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1995) p.28.
“The Non-Governmental Order: Will NGOs Democratise, or Merely Disrupt, Global Governance?” The Economist, (Dec 9, 1999), p.2.
United Nations Development Program (UNDP). 2002. Arab Human Development Report.
Zubaida, Sami. ‘Civil Society, Community, and Democracy in the
Middle East’ in Civil Society: History and Possibilities, editors, Sudipta Kaviraj and Sunil Khilnani, Cambridge University Press, 2001, p. 232.