“Punir ni plus qu’il n’est juste, ni plus qu’il n’est utile”
This old and famous French adage seems to have become the motto adopted in relation to penalty sanction. In fact, “the basic aim of the sanction is not only
any more to dissuade criminals from recidivism, but to rehabilitate them and prepare them to face society again and be reintegrated in it among the righteous and virtuous” (Becheraoui, n.d., in Arabic).
Amnesty International, August (2001). Lebanon, Torture and Ill-Treatment of Women in Pre-Trial Detention: A Culture of Acquiescence
Becheraoui, D. (n.d.) Regulations, Governing Prisons and Detention Centers in Lebanon and France (inArabic).
GondlesJr. J.A (February 2001). “Female Offenders: The Major Issues.” Conections Today. Retrieved from
http://infotrac.london.galegroup.com/itw/ on Thursday March 21, 2002.
Machover, D. (July 28, 2000), International Standards. Prisoners and UK Practice. Conference held at Hotel Alexandre, Beirut.
Penal Reform International in cooperation with the Human Rights’ Institute of the Beirut Bar Association, the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministry of Justice and Prison Management in Finland (1997). Guide, Implementation of the Basic Regulations for the Treatment of Prisoners (in Arabic).