This report presents a general picture of the conditions of women in prisons in Egypt, using the Kanater Women’s Prison, the main women’s prison in the country, as a case study. The report sheds light on the status of women prisoners in Egyptian legislation, and reviews the rights to which they are entitled, especially pregnant women or mothers of young children. The aim of this report is to urge for the implementation of the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners in Egyptian prisons. Moreover, it demands that the gap between the national Egyptian laws on prisons and the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners be filled, and that these Rules be integrated into domestic law. It also calls for the implementation of modern penal policies and the rejection of the idea that prisons are places for punishment.