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Living with Passports in Our Pockets
My wife, Taline, and her sister Maral were born in Mar Mikhael, a suburb of Beirut, of a Lebanese family of Armenian origin. Her father and paternal grandparents were also Lebanese born and bred, but her mother, of Armenian origin, but a citizen of Egypt where she was born, became Lebanese by marriage, and her aunt, also originally from Egypt, became Lebanese by virtue of the edict promulgated in June of 1994 (Maktabi, 2000, p. 147 and Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, n.d.). During the civil war, when my wife was a child, they lived for a couple of years in the USA, and they have relatives in the USA, Canada, Brazil, Australia, Turkey, and elsewhere.
Center for Asia-Pacific Women in Politics (n.d.). Antiquated laws violate women’s civil rights. Retrieved April 23, 2010, from
Decree No.15. (1925, January 19). Decree No. 15 on Lebanese Nationality including Amendments [Lebanon]. Retrieved April 23, 2010, from http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/44a24c6c4.html.
Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (1997, June 1). Lebanon: Information on the June 1994 decree affecting Lebanese citizenship. Retrieved April 23, 2010, from http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3ae6ab4e9c.html.
Kawas N. (2010, April 22). Cabinet approves draft to grant foreign husbands residency after 1 year of marriage. The Daily Star.
Retrieved April 22, 2010 from http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=1&categ_id=2&article_id=114073#axzz0loEJo9u8
Lebanese Constitution. (1990, September). Lebanese Constitution as amended 1990 [Lebanon]. Retrieved April 23, 2010, from
Maktabi R. (2000). State formation and citizenship in Lebanon: The politics of membership and exclusion in a sectarian state. In N. A. Butenschøn, U. Davis, and M. S. Hassassian (Eds.). Citizenship and the state in the Middle East: Approaches and applications. USA: Syracuse University Press.
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