Open Journal Systems
Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Internet?
On 15 June 2010, the Lebanese online community heaved a collective sigh of relief as the Lebanese Parliament voted to indefinitely postpone discussions on a newly proposed e-transactions law. “The ESSA (Electronic Signatures and Services Authority) [would be] established under this law with discretionary, selective, subjective and very broad and unjustified powers”, said Gabriel Deek, secretary general of the Professional Computer Association of Lebanon, adding that “its prerogatives are almost repressive for all ‘service providers’ of electronic services and economic sectors at large” (Deek, 2010). The draft law, which purports to protect e-commerce from fraudulent activities, would actually lead to law enforcement without judicial oversight.
Abbani, H. (2011, March 8). LGBT rights in Lebanon: Bring down the sectarian system. Al-Akhbar.
Retrieved June 28, 2011, from, http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/5876.
Al Saleh, K. (2009, November 6). Interview with CEO of i’mhalal. The next web. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://thenextweb.com/me/2009/11/06/interview-reza-sedaha-ceo-imhalal/.
Aoun, J. (2009). ‘Bekhsoos is Back’, Lebanon News: Under Rug Swept [Web Log message]. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://jadaoun.com/blog/2009/09/08/787/Bekhsoos-is-back/.
Atallah, I. (2010, June 8). Lebanon is stifling your digital freedom. The Daily Star. Retrieved from http://www.dailystar.com.lb/Opinion/Commentary/Jun/08/Lebanon-is-stifling-your-digital-freedom.ashx.
CIMA (2010, February 3). Social media in the Arab world: Leading up to the Uprisings of 2011.Retrieved June 28, 2011, from, http://cima.ned.org/publications/social-media-arab-worldleadinguprisings-2011-0.
Deek, G. (2010, June 12). Major pain points in e-transaction law [Web Log Message]. Retrieved from
Lynn. (2010, December 12). Framing visibility: Coming out and the international LGBT spectrum of progress. Bekhsoos. June 28, 2011, from http://www.Bekhsoos.com/web/2010/12/framingvisibility-coming-out-and-the-international-lgbt-spectrum-of-progress-2/.
Moawad, N. (2010). ‘ERoTICs Research’, What If I Get Free [Web Log Message]. Retrieved June 28, 2011,
Moubayed, S. (2008, April 11). No Restrictions on the net. Gulf News. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from
Moumneh, R. ( 2006). Helem at Montreal OutGames 2006 [Online Video]. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from
Nadz. (2009, September 6). The evolution of us. Bekhsoos. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.Bekhsoos.com/web/2009/09/the-evolution-of-us/.
Nadz. (2009, September 20). On censorship. Bekhsoos. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.Bekhsoos.com/web/2009/09/on-censorshi/.
Nadz. (2010, April 19). Queering the Arab feminist movement: Two years in the making. Bekhsoos. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.Bekhsoos.com/web/2010/04/queering-the-arabfeminist-movement-two-years-in-the-making/.
Nadz. (2010, September 6). One year of Bekhsoos. Bekhsoos. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.Bekhsoos.com/web/2010/09/happy-birthday-Bekhsoos/.
Nadz. (2010, November 29). Your mom has added you on Facebook. Bekhsoos. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.Bekhsoos.com/web/2010/11/your-mom-has-added-you-on-facebook/.
Puar, J. (2011, July 1). Israel’s gay propaganda war. The Guardian. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2010/jul/01/israels-gay-propaganda-war.
Shant. (2010, February 1). Cyber queerness. Bekhsoos. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.bekhsoos.com/web/2010/02/cyber-queerness.
Smith, L. T. (1999). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. London: Zed Books.
Yazbeck, N. (2009). Lebanon’s other women ‘out’ in force. Agence France Presse. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://www.mmail.com.my/content/20342-lebanons-other-women-out-force.
York, J. (2009, August 12). ONI Releases 2009 Middle East and North Africa research. OpenNet Initiative. Retrieved June 28, 2011, from http://opennet.net/blog/2009/08/oni-releases-2009-middle-east-north-africa-research.
- There are currently no refbacks.