Sudan is one of the biggest countries of Africa with an area of 2.5 million Sq. Kilometers (965,250 Sq. Miles). It borders Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Zaire, Central Africa, Tchad, Libya and Egypt from the North, and the Red Sea from the East. According to the 1993 statistics, the population of Sudan is 26 million, of which 25 percent are urban dwellers and 75 percent live in rural areas, and its population growth is 2.9 percent.