Al-Raida Journal http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ women studies Arab Institute for Women (AiW), LAU en-US Al-Raida Journal 0259-9953 The Contribution of Female Writers in the Libyan Post Arab Spring: The Voice of Azza Al-Maghour`s Short Stories http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1745 <p class="lau-paragraph">Alongside the rapid political and social change post Arab Spring, Libyan writers were constantly producing volumes of literary work, whether in print or online, to reflect on the socio-political issues in the society. Among these writers is Libyan lawyer and writer Azza Al-Maghour; Al-Maghour has published a great many short stories during and after the revolution. What makes her work distinctive is that she not only narrates fictional events, but that she simultaneously reflects on the Libyan reality post revolution; and her voice, she is the voice of the people. Her narrative style is structured as a cultural and intellectual revolution. Using a critical discourse analysis, this paper will examine how Al-Maghour contributes to the socio-political construction of Libyan society, and argues that Al-Maghour`s narrative structure, story frame, language style, and word connotations are used as tools to channel her political views. This paper will pay special attention to Al-Maghour`s discussions of women rights, social justice, and Libyan nationalism through her story settings and her characters. This paper begins by giving a brief overview of the context of Libyan women in the aftermath of the 2011 revolution, followed by Azza Al-Maghour`s biography. The paper will then present an analysis of her stories through language, style, story structure, socio-political discussions, and her contribution as a Libyan female writer to the context of the post Arab Spring.</p> Safa El Naili Copyright (c) 2019 Al-Raida Journal http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-05-24 2020-05-24 43 1 1 10 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1745 Indigenous Polygyny in Dhofar. (Re-)Interpretations of Individual Options and Daring Delineations http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1746 <p class="lau-paragraph">Polygyny is widely practiced across Dhofar reflecting the resiliency of Islamic family law. However, as the country is accommodating transnational influences polygynous marital arrangements are undergoing changes. Drawing on qualitative data collected within a large-scale quantitative study comprising a sample of 1,192 respondents on polygyny in Dhofar 2004–2010, the entanglements between religious mores on and cultural practices of polygyny are discussed through individual case-work analysis. First, it is argued that polygynous marriage remains a pragmatic arrangement in the context of tribal relationships. Second, the tension in redefining gender roles is manifest primarily in this marital arrangement. Third, through cultural flow and technological, economic, and educational changes, re-interpretation of mating strategies are encompassing a slow shift from pragmatism to romanticism. The digital nature of communications and cultural identity acquisition in the twenty-first century continues to influence and guide the manifestations of change presented by the data that show the small but vital steps being made by men and women that are redefining and reinterpreting polygyny and society as a whole.</p> Annemarie Profanter Stephanie Ryan Cate Copyright (c) 2019 Al-Raida Journal http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 43 1 11 35 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1746 Lesbianism as Another Alternative for the Other: A Punishment or an Escape? The Saudi Novel "al-Akharun/The Others" as a Sample http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1747 <p class="lau-paragraphCxSpFirst">World Literature has witnessed the appearance of many novels that focus on the physical experiences of the “body” and deal with sexual themes. In their historical context, these novels represent a protest against the social moral values and search for alternatives. Among these novels are Lady Chatterley’s Lover, Anna Karenina, and Madame Bovary. In Arabic literature, the Egyptian writer Ihsan Abd al-Qudous laid the foundation for this type of novel. </p><p class="lau-paragraphCxSpMiddle">Literature has developed through breaking the barrier of taboos and adopting different forms. One of the controversial issues, whose red lines literature has crossed, is the issue of sex, which exists in every human relationship between males and females. The Arabic novel has addressed sexual taboos and dealt with them as an adventure still in its initial stages despite numerous significant contributions that have appeared in the 20<sup>th</sup> century. </p><p class="lau-paragraphCxSpLast">Recently, Saudi Arabian women writers have broken various taboos and dealt with the problems that they confront as women in the Kingdom by employing the themes of sex, the body, and other taboo issues. Some critics accused these writers of trying to draw attention to themselves by exploiting these subjects to increase their readership. In fact, these novelists have exposed new phenomena in conservative Saudi society and broken the stereotypical image of conservative Saudi women. This study deals with Saba al-Herz’ novel <em>al-Akharun/The Others </em>as a sample of these novels.</p> Hanan Bishara Copyright (c) 2019 Al-Raida Journal 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 43 1 36 55 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1747 Revisiting the Physician’s Approach to Lesbian and Bisexual Patients in Lebanon http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1748 <p class="lau-paragraph">Health disparities among sexual minority groups exist worldwide. Lesbian and bisexual women face barriers to healthcare access and provision. Disparities are even more striking in Middle Eastern countries like Lebanon. This paper assesses healthcare resources and practices pertaining to sexual minority women in Lebanon. We found a significant scarcity of research on lesbian or bisexual women coming out of Lebanon or the Middle East. We call for enriching the literature with such research to better understand the needs of women and recommend effective interventions.</p> Zeinab Kassem Hasan M Abdessamad Copyright (c) 2019 Al-Raida Journal 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 43 1 56 65 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1748 The Moral Landscape and Women’s Agency: Toward a Feminist Theory of Transnational Responsibilities http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1749 The emergence of postcolonial feminism in the late 20th century ushered in new debates surrounding the <em>theory of agency</em> <em></em>and women in non-Western countries. In feminist discourse, <em>agency </em><em></em>can be defined as<em> </em><em>a woman’s capacity for individualized choice and action, free from the invasive influence or coercion of any other individual</em>. Khaled Rajeh Copyright (c) 2019 Al-Raida Journal 43 1 66 82 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1749 Gender, Islam and International Frameworks in Yemen http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1758 <p class="lau-paragraph"><span lang="EN-US">This paper is intended to explore the intersection of Islam and international frameworks that aim to work on gender development projects in the context of contemporary Yemen. It will examine the opportunities and limitations that may arise when choosing to follow faith-based approaches in order to advocate for women’s human rights and ensure the safety and security of Yemeni women. In particular, I will try to investigate how aligning and </span><span>contextualizing</span><span>United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) (</span><span lang="EN-US">UNSCR1325) with Islam is advantageous, or necessary for women’s development in the context of Yemen. To support my research question with concrete examples, I will focus on the discourse of child marriage––a persistent practice in Yemen.</span></p> Muna Saeed Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Raida Journal 43 1 83 92 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1758 “From ‘why me’ to ‘try me’: a Muslim mother reflects on her journey of raising a child with additional needs’’. http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1759 <p class="p1">The story My Daughter - My Inspiration was written by Madiha Sajid, a Pakistani mother of a child with a physical impairment, who participated in a Participatory Action Research project that brought six Pakistani families with disabled children together to explore their support needs in the UK context (Kramer-Roy, 2012). During the study, the individual families initially explored their experiences of welcoming the child into their family. After that three Action Research groups were formed for the fathers, mothers and non-disabled siblings of the families respectively, each of which chose a shared issue to explore through creative activities (Kramer-Roy, 2015) and action research cycles (Kemmis et al, 2004).</p> Debbie Kramer-Roy Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Raida Journal 43 1 93 94 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1759 My Daughter - My Inspiration! http://alraidajournal.com/index.php/ALRJ/article/view/1760 Madiha Sajid Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Raida Journal 43 1 95 99 10.32380/alrj.v43i1.1760