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On Islamic Feminist Texts and Women Activism - Winter/Spring/Summer 2015-2016 - Issues 148-149-150

In the early nineteen nineties, when Arab and Muslim women in the diaspora began to speak of the linguistic construct “Islam” and “feminism,” the two terms were not yet closely connected. The discourse was rather about Islamic feminism as a trend or as a different form of gender awareness and renewal in Islamic thought.


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Arab Countries in Transition: Gender Rights and Constitutional Reforms - Part 2 - Issues 145-146-147

This second issue of Al-Raida consists of papers that were presented at the international conference “Arab Countries in Transition: Gender Rights and Constitutional Reforms” held by the Institute for Women’s Studies in the Arab World (IWSAW) at the Lebanese American University (LAU) in June 2014 and centering on human rights, women’s bodies, power relations, violations and testimonials.

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Arab Countries in Transition: Gender Rights and Constitutional Reforms - Conference Proceedings: Part 1 -Issues 143-144

Al-Raida is pleased to launch a special thematic issue in two parts that grew out of the international conference titled “Arab Countries in Transition: Gender Rights and Constitutional Reforms” organized by IWSAW at the Lebanese American University in partnership with the Women and Memory Forum-Egypt, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Rule of Law Program MENA Region, and the Danish Centre for Research and Information on Gender, Equality, and Diversity.


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Women and Photography - Spring/Summer 2013 - Issues 141-142

This special issue of al-raida on Women and Photography addresses photography as a medium that challenges gender roles, positions, and attributes as seen in the mainstream media. It includes papers by contributors who examine the practice of women photographers in the Middle East as well as the different ways women are represented in photographs.


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Non-thematic Issue - Summer/Fall/Winter 2012-2013 - Issues 138-139-140

This issue appears to be a theme-less one, the selected papers are connected by a thread that revolves around lesbian issues, social activism, and the dilemma between integration and segregation both within andro-centric ‘Queer’ organizations and hetero-centric feminist organizations.


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Transforming the World of Work for Gender Equality in the Arab Region - Fall/Winter/Spring 2011-2012 - Issues 135-136-137

The theme of the current issue of Al-Raida is “Transforming the World of Work for Gender Equality in the Arab Region”. The call for papers came out at a time of critical changes as uprisings started unfolding across the region.
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Arab Women in Latin America - Spring/Summer 2011 - Issues 133-134

This special volume of al-Raida on “Arab Women in Latin America” makes a timely contribution to the scholarship of Levantine migration to what used to be called the New World, and which has inexorably linked the Levant and Latin America for well over a century now.


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Gender-Based Violence in the Arab World - Fall/Winter 2010-2011 - Issues 131-132

In the Arab world today the movement to eradicate gender-based violence is focusing on eliminating gender inequality and on addressing social, legal, and familial relationships that condone violence.
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Citizenship and Gender in the Arab World - Spring / Summer 2010 - Issues 129-130

There are few topics as emotionally charged as the issue of full citizenship rights for women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Today, in no country in the Arab world do women enjoy the same rights as men with respect to transferring citizenship to their children and spouses.
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Family Responsibilities and Women’s Employability - Winter 2010 - Issue 128

The papers in this issue of al-Raida address the challenges and opportunities for Arab women’s labor market participation in the greater context of globalization and social transformations and examine the issue from a number of complementary vantage points and policy implications.


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Gender Quotas and Parliamentary Representation - Fall 2009 - Issues 126-127

The studies included in this issue, with their different assessments of the quota experience in the countries studied, provide a sample of the different views, positions, and assessments found in published works on this issue.
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Women and Scriptures in the Arab World - Spring 2009 - Issue 125

The subject of women and scriptures is very important, especially for Arab and Muslim women who are witnessing a phase of religious revivalism, which is keen on redefining Islam in many different ways. Moreover, to raise issues by women on women’s rights in the context of the Arab world opens the discussion for reform and for a new interpretation of religious symbolism, rituals, and traditions.
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Women, Activism, and the Arts - Winter 2009 - Issue 124

This special issue of al-Raida is devoted to women, activism, and the arts in the Arab world – a subject that was not chosen at random. Women and creativity has always been a topic of interest in the discipline of Women’s Studies, and this issue in particular has as its focus the ways in which women of the Arab diaspora channel their creativity in a positive way.


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Women in the Performing Arts - Fall 2008 - Issues 122-123

The articles in this issue of al-Raida cover a fairly wide territory as they address different attributes of contemporary Arab women performers working all over the world. The contributors come from diverse academic and professional backgrounds.
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Arab Refugee Women - Winter/Spring 2008 - Issues 120-121

This edition of Al-Raida seeks to encourage better listening, observing, and understanding of the world of refugee women. It aims to bring into focus their strengths, the obstacles they face, and their coping strategies. It is our hope that throughout these pages, the human voice of the refugee woman can be heard and celebrated, in its many forms. To these ends, art, poetry, and narratives have been scattered between more formal academic reflections.


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Arab Women Writing in English - Summer/Fall 2007 - Issues 118-119

As the title indicates, this issue of Al-Raida is informed by the theme of Arab Women Writing in English, presenting essays, short stories, personal reflections, and poetry. Accordingly, the File includes mostly creative writing by Arab women living and working either in or outside the region.
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Arab Diaspora Women - Winter/Spring 2007 - Issues 116-117

This issue of Al-Raida covers a wide variety of topics, encompassing seemingly unrelated issues such as war, the arts, forced migration, motherhood, the ICT communications revolution, the anti-colonial rebellions in the Middle East, and the roles played by religion and politics in the self-construction of Arab diaspora community identities.


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The Empowerment of Arab Women Through Higher Education - Summer/Fall 2006 - Issues 114-115

The speeches, articles and reviews that comprise this issue aim to discuss, analyze, provide personal accounts and pose questions relating to the joint themes of empowerment, women, higher education and the Arab world discussed above.
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Female Criminality in the Arab World - Spring 2006 - Issue 113

This issue of Al-Raida explores women as perpetrators of crime. This is one of the very few publications on female criminality in this part of the world and we hope that many other publications commenting, criticizing, and even contradicting the contents of this issue will follow.


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The Status of Women in Lebanese Legislation - Fall/Winter 2005-2006 - Issues 111-112

Usually, each issue of Al-Raida tackles a topic whose scope is the Arab world. In this issue, we are making an exception by focusing unilaterally on Lebanon. This is primarily because discrimination against women in different Arab countries with their different legal systems would be too vast a topic.
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Women and Activism in the Arab World - Spring/Summer 2005 - Issues 109-110

The articles that we received in response to our call for papers covered only six Arab states. Despite this, they provide valuable information and material for comparative research. The issues treated by the contributors, the questions they raise and the information and analysis they provide constitute an important addition to the literature on the topic and an incentive for future research.
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Arab Women and Disability - Winter 2005 - Issue 108

It is the objective of this issue of Al-Raida to highlight the case of women with disability in the Arab world. The issue covers many aspects of the subject. It includes the testimonies of a number of women with disability representing the different categories of disability and from different Arab countries.


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Young Arab Women - Fall 2004 - Issues 106-107

Arab youth are plagued by very many ills, namely high unemployment rates, deteriorating public education, wars, social marginalization, health and reproductive problems, gender oppression, and sexual violence against young women to mention a few. The purpose of this issue of Al-Raida is to highlight the situation of youth in the Arab world.
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What About Masculinity? Winter/Spring 2004 - Issues 104-105

This issue of Al- Raida attempts to show how various masculinities are defined and redefined in particular times and settings and the plurality and diversity of men’s experiences, attitudes, beliefs, practices along lines of class, sexual orientation, religion, region, and various other categories. The file in this issue includes several articles dealing with different forms of masculinity in the Middle East, from the early Twentieth Century until the present.


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Women and War in the Arab World - Fall 2003 - Issue 103

This issue of Al-Raida highlights the situation of women in the Arab world in conflict areas. In wars, some women choose to take up arms but, for most, war is about coping with the disruption of normal life. Women are the carers, the sustainers, the mediators. Throughout history, women and children constitute 75 percent of war refugees
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Non Arab Women in the Arab World - Spring/Summer 2003 - Issues 101-102

This issue of Al-Raida deals with the many forms of “notbelonging” and the struggle for recognition within the member states of the Arab League. It is divided into five sections reflecting the disparate vantage points from which non-Arab women have viewed their role in the Arab world over a period of over 150 years.
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Arab Women’s Movements - Winter 2003 - Issue 100

Women’s movements in the Arab world seemed both a necessary and a difficult choice as topic for Al-Raida’s 100th issue. Necessary because it is surely one of Al-Raida’s chief raisons d’etre to discover and re-present women-based organizing throughout this vast area.


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Sexuality and Arab Women - Fall 2002- Issue 99

The file deals with sexuality, a subject that has traditionally been a strong taboo in the Arab world. Since Arab societies have generally favored a collective rather than a personal or subjective identity, the family is the paramount social institution where issues related to women’s sexuality continue to be under the control of a patriarchal society.
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Arab Women in Civil Society - Spring/Summer 2002 - Issues 97-98

Have Arab women been able to be more effective and empowered through their work in civil society organizations? The answer to this question is both in the negative and positive i.e. women have made great achievements yet there are still serious obstacles to be overcome in addition to the setbacks that have occurred. This issue of Al-Raida will address this question through the articles within its pages.


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Incarcerated Arab Women - Fall/Winter 2001 - Issues 95-96

This special issue of Al-Raida is devoted to the theme of incarcerated women. The articles presented promote a human rights based approach to imprisonment. In short, our driving motto in this issue is building people, not building prisons.
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Marriage Patterns in the Arab World - Spring/Summer 2001 - Issues 93-94

In Arab societies, women's role is predominantly linked to the domestic sphere. The family is seen as a pivotal axis of society, a basic unit that demands that women devote all their time and energy to it. Over the past decades, there has been notable transformation in gender relations in Arab societies particularly in urban areas, and women have gained greater degrees of freedom.
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Feminizing Politics - Winter 2001 - Issue 92

Contributions to this special issue of Al-Raida deal with the role of Arab women in political decision-making. However, testimonies, opinions, research papers and survey analyses reflect different levels of concern and achievement. Implicitly or explicitly a number of perti- 'nent issues have been raised concerning Arab women and politics- or better Arab women in politics.


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Women’s Centers in the Arab World - Summer/Fall 2000 - Issues 90-91

The idea of a Raida issue on women centers in the Arab world has been on our minds for a long time. The reason for this is because we are very much aware of the pioneering rol e that these centers have played to enhance the rights of women and to make space for them within the frame.
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On Violations - Spring 2000 - Issue 89

It is widely acknowledged that cases of violence against women are under repOlted in official records and the media. The file in this issue includes several atticles dealing with women's personal as well as political rights.
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Arab Women and the Media - Winter 2000 - Issue 88

Despite changes emerging in contemporary society regarding women's role and contributions, the images of women represented in the media have not reflected these changes sufficiently enough. Women have generally been presented within the restrictive mold of domesticity and subservience reinforcing traditional roles and behaviors where a woman is defined in relation to men who see her within the framework of marital, maternal and sexual roles.


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Arab Women and Cinema - Summer/Fall 1999 - Issues 86-87

In this special double issue, Al-Raida presents a multi-faceted file that deals with Arab Women and Cinema. Many film makers and Arab film critics have contributed to it. The questions raised not only, include the image of women and women's issues in Arab cinema, but also her position in the cinema industry.
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International Year for Older Persons - Spring 1999 - Issue 85

Given that the year 1999 has been designated by the United Nations as the International Year for Older Persons with the theme Towards a Society for all Ages,' the File for this issue of AI-Raida is devoted to elderly women.


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Women’s Lives in Lebanon - Fall/Winter 1998 - Issues 83-84

The particular relevance of oral history for AI-Raida is that it has been widely used in feminist research, based in the personal character of women's oppression, and in the fact that modern feminist theory has been centrally concerned with the relation' between the individual experience and social relations.
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Women and the Labor Force - Summer 1998 - Issue 82

The file in this issue of AI-Raida deals with the monetized aspect of women's work. It essentially includes the executive summary of the study undertaken by IWSAW and financed by AID on the Female labor Force in Lebanon, and a resume of the study 'on Women and Men Home-Based Workers in the Informal Sector in the West Bank Textile Industry, along with a series of interviews with working women.
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Arab Countries and CEDAW - Spring 1998 - Issues 80-81

he present file deals with the Covention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The papers selected for inclusion in this issue of AI-Raida are primarily those related to CEDAW, as they are of direct interest to the overall objectives of the magazine.


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Women in Agriculture - Fall 1997 - Issue 79

Women 's involvement in the agricultural sector is a we ll recogni zed fact, particularly in developing countri es where they are the most important food producers and where they assist their husbands in most of the farming tasks. Yet, they are still perceived basically as "housewi ves" and their involvement in agricultural activities is considered as a natural extension of their homemakers' role.
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Women and Literature - Summer 1997 - Issue 78

The file includes a variety of topics ranging from critical studies of single writers, a variety of writers, book reviews, and a short bibliography of selected Lebanese women writers. It is hoped that this file will give the reader a panoramic view of Lebanese and some Arab women's achievement in the field of Literature.
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Arab Women and Poverty - Spring 1997 - Issue 77

Women suffer excessively and unevenly from poverty, underdevelopment, and social problems. Currently, more than 70 percent of the world's poor are women, and they are followed in number by the elderly. Women control fewer resources, earn lower incomes, and generally do not enjoy the same access to production and human resource assets as men.
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Women in the Arab Family -Winter 1997 - Issue 76

For over forty years, most Western and traditional Arab writers dealing with Arab women's concerns, issues, and . problems, adopted a Western discourse that remains for the most part unchallenged. Only recently have two prominent Arab women successfully attempted to dismantle this discourse by deconstructing its basic premises and criticizing its concepts and theories.


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Women’s Rights Are Human Rights: Perspectives from the Arab World - Summer/Fall 1996 - Issues 74-75

In the full knowledge of its controversive nature and cappacity to provoke criticism and conflict. We present this special double issue of Al-Raida in the hope that it will be discussed actively. not just read passively by individuals and groups in all sectors of contemporary Arab society.
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Arab Women in the Fine Arts - Spring 1996 - Issue 73

In the file section of this issue of Al-Raida we present some established and emerging women artists and their works. Whether painters, novelists, musicians or performers, these women have a passion to express and actualize their subjectivity, to reveal their uniqueness as distinct, creative individuals possessing definite opinions and feelings about the world in which they live.
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Women, the Media and Sustainable Human Development - Winter 1996 - Issue 72

At this very moment, you are actively participating in a process of communication. By reading this Editorial, you interact with ne of the many different types of media available in contemporary Lebanon. No matter where we live, the communications media constitute a powerful force in our lives.


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Women in Post-War Lebanon - Summer/Fall 1995 - Issues 70-71

To contribute to this process of remembering, learning and healing, the File section of this special double issue of Al-Raida examines the Lebanese war and its after-effects through women's eyes. We attempted to take a sounding of the war's impact on Lebanese women of all ages from a variety of backgrounds.
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Arab Women in Management - Spring 1995 - Issue 69

A closer examination of Arab women's role in management, as well as a consideration of the social, political and cultural ramifications of women's actual and potential power as decisionmakers, reveals the stirrings of a significant revolution in attitudes, values, and behaviors concerning gender, power and social structure in the Arab world.
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Women and Education in Lebanon - Winter 1995 - Issue 68

Women's education has increased substantially in the Arab World during the last decade or two. Statistics indicate that the male-female ratio of enrollment in secondary school and higher education is diminishing and in some places like Lebanon it is suspected that the number of women university students is higher than its male counterpart.


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Women's Health in Lebanon - Fall 1994 - Issue 67

The present File discusses women's health in Lebanon. It also contains Arab reactions to the Cairo Conference on Population and Development that took place in September 1994
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Battered Women in Lebanon - Spring/Summer 1994 - Issues 65-66

The File of this issue addresses the topic of violence against women and focuses on Battered Women in Lebanon. It is introduced in two feature articles relaying the testimonies of battered women. One recounts real stories of Lebanese women suffering from battery and the other addresses forms of psychological violence that women endure at home.

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Regional Conference: Arab Women and the Environment - Winter 1994 - Issue 64

The number of events recently helped advance the cause of Arab women and their achievements. Many of these developments are taking place in the mainstreams of society, through women's and men's input


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Women=Family in 1994? Fall 1993 - Issue 63

United Nations committees, concerned institutions and feminist groups allover the world highlight women's human rights in the family and warrant for the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women
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Young Women of Lebanon in the Post-War Era - Summer 1993 - Issue 62

Post war Lebanon is in a state of readjustment to peace and to creating law and order. Part of this order must be a revisit to traditional gender roles and relations in the context of structural and social changes. Young Lebanese women should be the vehicle for change.
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What about career women? Spring 1993 - Issue 61

This issue of AI-Raida presents a series of articles and a variety of topics highlighting the status of Lebanese career women
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Why Feminism? Winter 1993 - Issue 60

The concept of feminism in the Arab world remains ambiguous. Its multi-cultural dimensions are not clear. Hence, a clear definition of the goals and soul of feminism for Arab women is in order. Thus, what are the feminists of this region really addressing: oppression or advancement? traditions or social realities? policies or norms? household politics or social politics?


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Women... A Step Ahead - Fall 1992 - Issue 59

Fall 1992 witnessed a great deal of activities and developments with respect to women in Lebanon and some other Arab countries. The first event was the Conference on Arab Women and Creativity which was attended by a number of Arab women and men. and which ended with a call for more seminars and encounters promoting women's creativity production in the Arab world.
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Women at the Earth Summit - Summer 1992 - Issue 58

This issue of AIRaida does not pretend to be an expert in environmental science or in the political and economic debates and dialogues that surrounded the Summit. AI-Raida only wishes to shed some light on the place, the participation and the involvement of women in the struggle for protecting nature, Improving the quality of life and saving the Earth.
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International Women’s Day - Spring 1992 - Issue 57

Algeria, Sudan, Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, The Occupied Territories, Afghanistan, Turkey, Yugoslavia, The new Republics of the Ex-Soviet Union, Peru, Mexico, Burma, The Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sera Leone, Germany, and the United States of America. This is only part of the list of uprisings, chaos, violence and instability in the spring of 1992.
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Women and the Environment - Winter 1992 - Issue 56

This issue of Al-Raida aims at reporting conditions as well as corrective measures for preserving the environment, not only in the Arab World and the Middle East, but on a wider scope


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Women Contributing to a Better World - Fall 1991 - Issue 55

This is the last issue of Al-Raida for 1991. The year covered a variety of events, people, concerns, problems, developments and achievements for and by women in the Arab world. The basic purpose of Al-Raida is simply to communicate what is happening and how it is happening for women. This year we gave it a new modified approach. We raised issues from a scientific and academic research point of view.

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Basic Education and Female Drop-Out in the Arab World - Summer 1992 - Issue 54

Women who voluntarily accept celibacy are usually characterized by an independent spirit. They engage in a lifelong profession or in a vocation that provides them with financial independence and security in old age. They can afford a comfortable rest-house or a nursing-home in case of disability, unless some unexpected catastrophe, like war, shatters their lives and destroy their plans.
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Never Married Women - Spring 1991 - Issue 53

What is the fate of women who are not part of this private/ public duality through marriage? In this issue of Al-Raida, Miss Rose Ghurayyib, a never-married woman herself, discusses the lives, motives and conditions of never-married women.
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Lebanese Women - Winter 1991 - Issue 52

The war produced many observable changes in Lebanon. One obvious change is the deterioration of the country's infra-structure, such as tele-communication, roads, public transportation and socio-political demography. These facilities, if we may call them as such, acted as stimuli for other changes, positive changes?!


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Women: Where, When and How? - November 1990 - Issue 51

The first World Summit on Women and the Many Dimensions of Power brought female delegates from all around the world together. It brought them together to discuss the issues condeming women and keeping them from exercising power in their societies.
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Women in Charge - August 1990 - Issue 50

The last half of the 80s may have been the pioneering era for women in politics. Hopefully, the 90s will witness the emancipation of women In political participation and political power.
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Women and Law - May 1990 - Issue 49

When discussing women and the law in the Arab World, it is imperative to remember that in most of these countries, unlike western countries, a Personal Status Code rather than civil codes legislates the rights and duties of women
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Women in Management - February 1990 - Issue 48

Women's increasing enrollment as college and university students has allowed them to venture into new fields of work, one of which is business management or business administration.


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Women and Television - February 1989 - Issue 47

The term, "media", plural of "medium", is used to indicate publications or broadcasts used for communication, information and publicity.


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Women and Liberation - November 1988 - Issue 46

In Lebanon, IWSA W continues to function in spite of difficulties. If Al-Raida does not appear regularly, other publications by the Institute continue to increase. Social taboos and political unrest in Lebanon and other Third World countries have induced many young women to emigrate into Europe, Australia, U.S.A. and Canada where they have the opportunity to develop their talents and participate in Western and international feminist projects.
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Woman Artist - May/August 1988 - Issues 44-45

In Arab history, we have abundant information about the arts of dancing and singing performed by women slaves who unlike free women, were allowed to appear in public unveiled. These women were bought and trained in the arts in earlv childhood.
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Women’s Psychology - February 1988 - Issue 43

Freud overemphasized the influence of sexual differences on the character of both men and women and the part played by sexual repression in producing neurosis. Another debatable question in his theories is his belief in the determinist character of these theories. Men and women, he says, are born with certain natural tendencies which dominate them and which find outlets in different ways


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Why a Women’s Liberation Movement? - November 1987 - Issue 42

"Stop that frantic interest in the Women's Liberation Movement! Rise, unite, but concentrate on a more important issue such as the political dissensions which afflict your country and tear it into pieces!"
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Arab Women and Economic Development - August 1987 - Issue 41

Measuring Jhe economic participation of Women and assessing their share in the development process, implies a deep and comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms and determinants of such participation.
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IWSAW: Fourteen Year of Sustained Effort - May 1987 - Issue 40

Besides the quarterly newsletter, AI-Raida, issued in both Arabic and English and containing up-todate information about the Institute 's activities and women's problems and achievements in the Arab world, a series of publications in Arabic and English were put forth, dealing with the legal status of women, their artistic and literary output, their role in industry, in education, etc.
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Women and Work - February 1987 - Issue 39

Since women have recently had access to higher education, the number of women poets, writers, musicians, painters and sculptors has steadIly iw:reased. Science is to them a newly opened field but, as f tried to show that both art and science can join hands and require equivalent preparation and capacities, it is safe to presume that women can equally succeed in either field.


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The Status of Arab Women - November 1986 - Issue 38

The stated goal of the International Women's Year, held in Mexico City in 1975 was «The integration of women in the development process as equal partners with men».
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Women of Bahrain - August 1986 - Issue 37

There has never been a feminist movement in Bahrain, emancipation has been coming about in response to economic diversification and substantial improvement in female educational participation rates.
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Kuwaiti Women - May 1986 - Issue 36

In Kuwait, education and work are the most essential and determinant factors in society. Dr. al-Rumeihi, in the introduction of a book on «Kuwait», quoted this statement from al-Rihani who observed these two characteristics in the Kuwaiti society fifty years ago.
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Women of Saudi Arabia - February 1986 - Issue 35

The idea of setting up factories for women only was initiated by His Majesty King Fahd Bin Abdul Aziz AI Saud. The factories will be operating within five years time and will employ around fifty thousand females, who will contribute to relieving the country of its dependence on foreign labor.


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Equality Development and Peace - November 1985 - Issue 34

Equality, development and peace were the main issues of the conferences held in Baghdad,Nicosia and Nairobi. The Baghdad conference (March 4-8) was sponsored by the General Federation of Iraqi Women (GFIW) and focused mainly on peace.
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Tunisian Women Speak - August 1985 - Issue 33

Tunisia, at the crossroads of civilizations: Carthage, Rome, the Ottomans ... , is often considered the land of dialogue, and the land where women enjoy a more privileged position than their sisters in other North African and Arab countries. Are these assumptions about modern-day Tunisia supported by the reality?
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Arab Women and Literature - May 1985 - Issue 32

The «gift of the tongue» has been generally acknowledged as one of women's chief aptitudes. In world mythology and history, women performed several roles requiring eloquence and fluency.
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Arab Women and The Women’s Decade - February 1985 - Issue 31

In July 1985, a World Conference to «Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nation Decade for Women» will be held in Nairobi, Kenya. Parallel to this conference, an NGO Forum 85, to assess the progress made during the decade and develop strategies, will a/so take place in Nairobi.


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Women and War in Lebanon - November 1984 - Issue 30

One of the characteristics of war is that it unbalances or destroys the social and mental structures of the people it affects. This imbalance can vary from a partial to a total change in norms, customs, and social roles.
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Women of Egypt and Algeria - August 1984 - Issue 29

Sixty years have passed since the first Egyptian woman dared to defy tradition by removing her veil and casting it into the sea. This woman who shocked public opinion then was Huda Sha'rawi, one of the early leaders of the Women's Movement in Egypt, who formed the Union of Egyptian Women (Al Ittihad Al Nisa'i in 1922.
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1984, The Beginning of a New World Communication Order? - February 1984 - Issues 27-28

Last year was declared by the UN General Assembly and by the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) as World Communication Year. Talking about World Communication leads us to mention the First Conference of Non-Aligned Information Miriisters (COMINAC) which was held on the 26th of January 1984 in Jakarta, Indonesia.


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Gibran’s Anniversaries - November 1983 - Issue 26

The years 1981 and 1983 were officially proclaimed respectively commemorative of the fiftieth anniversary of Gibran's death and the centennial of his birth.
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Women’s Participation in Development - August 1983 - Issue 25

It is now government policy in many 3rd world countries to mobilize women to help implement development plans. This policy has met a favorable reaction from the majority of respondents, although a few groups, responding specifically to the issue of housewives working outside the home, have reacted negatively.
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What is Development? - May 1983 - Issue 24

The concept of Development is appearing more and more in the feminist literature. Integration of women in the development process is now considered an essential first step toward their liberation, an important element in national build-up and a necessary prerequisite to the fulfillment of world needs.
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You Cannot Set the Clock Back - February 1983 - Issue 23

The Women's Liberation Movement has invaded almost all the countries of the world but in a highly uneven proportion. The volume of material published about women's status and needs in the principal languages of humankind is really amazing.


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World Campaign for Peace - November 1982 - Issue 22

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) organized on March 8, 1982, under the slogan "STAR» (Stop The Arms Race), a campaign for peace led by women delegates from all parts of the United States.
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Freedom Cannot Be One-Sided - August 1982 - Issue 21

I know a woman who tried to win her freedom by obtaining a divorce from a despotic husband and securing a job in a well-established firm. When I met her after a few years' work, she said she was still not happy because her boss was no less despotic than her husband. Though she found compensation in economic independence, she was morally enslaved.
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Women and Old Age - May 1982 - Issue 20

The last fifteen years were characterized by a remarkable impetus in the U.N. international activities. They started with the celebration of the International Human Rights Year in 1967, followed by the 1968 Fiftieth Anniversary of the first installment of the parliamentary franchise for women and, later on, by the Women's International Year in 1975, the International Year of The Child 1979, the IYDP in 1981 .
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Future Plans for IWSAW - February 1982 - Issue 19

It was in an atmosphere of impending political trouble, in 1973, that the Institute for Women's Studies in the Arab Worlcl came into existence. The result of a daring step. it has been able to go on in spite of war conditions which have prevailed in Lebanon for seven years.


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A Message to Consider - November 1981 - Issue 18

Leading psychologists and thinkers of today suggest as a remedy for common social evils a radical change in people's conduct so that their dealings with each other will be based on cooperation and fair play instead of jealousy and competition.
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Fallen Idols - August 1981 - Issue 17

At a meeting which grouped a number of university women interested in modern social problems, a question was raised regarding the nature and evolution of family relations.
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Why a Women’s Liberation Movement? - May 1981 - Issue 16

When asked about her opinion regarding the Women's Liberation Movement, one of our Lebanese social leaders said: «I do not think we need it here. Our constitution gives women equality with men in all fields». From a scientific point of view, this answer may be called a generalization or a sweeping statement which requires revision.
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1981, Year of the Handicapped - February 1981 - Issue 15

There was a time when, in every part of the world, disabled individuals, when not exposed or abandoned by their parents or guardians, were treated by society as an object of entertainment


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November 1980 - Issue 14

The tradition of projecting into their offspring their likes and dislikes, just like the transmission of titles and property, plays a primary role in the parents' socialization of children. Consciously or unconsciously, the children absorb the parents' ideas and manners
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The Germ - August 1980 - Issue 13

Bitterness was a persistent trait In my young friend. When she was a studient at college, whenever we met, she had something to complain about. Unfair grades, teachers' bias, students' folly and pseudo-modernism. She herself was against irrational traditions and prejudices, yet she adhered to certain traits, good or bad, inherited from her environment.
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Facts about IWSAW - May 1980 - Issue 12

The Institute for Women's Studies in the Arab World (IWSAW) was created for the purpose of enlightening people in the Arab world and elsewhere regarding the actual status of woman in these countries, the problems derived from traditional laws and attitudes which society has adopted toward her, and the ways of handl ing these problems.
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Women and Health - February 1980 - Issue 11

There is scarcely any need to prove that woman's concern with health, on an individual or a general level, has always been one of her chief occupations. As a wife and mother, as a nurse, midwife or social worker, she has always had the responsibility of caring for the husband's and the child's physical well-being, for the sick in her home and in hospitals, and for the wounded on battlefields.


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Do You Have Senile Symptoms? November 1979 - Issue 10

I met her after 30 years of absence. Thirty years she spent in a Western city where a mixture of cultures and races and variety of dynamic activities contributed to make of it an international cultural center.
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Women and Work - August 1979 - Issue 9

In this issue of AI-Raida, we are including articles and reports which will throw some light on woman's participation, more particularly, the Arab woman's, in the vital activities of her environment. The articles also refer to the more important role she may play if she receives more opportunity and more support in the way of education and training, in the revision of family laws and in opening new doors for work and employment.
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The Year of the Child, The Year of Hope - May 1979 - Issue 8

Millions and mi llions of dollars and pounds are being spent on war and armaments all over the world. But how little is being spent on " peace " ! It is vain to speak of the Children's Year in the shadow of canons ana bullets. Violence like fire is spreading everywhere and threatening the world with extinction. And all of us are responsible for this degradation.
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Will to Power - February 1979 - Issue 7

Human identity in the past was mainly dictated by biological needs and man's struggle to satisfy them. Today, the advance of knowledge in developed countries has lessened man's dependence on his environment. He has an unprecedented freedom to choose his work and to indulge in activities that will transcend the bare necessi ties.


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Research Projects on Women’s Status: A Pressing Need in the Arab World - November 1978 - Issue 6

General information and sweeping statements are no longer compatible with the mentality and demands of our present age. It would be easy to say in a casual manner that illiteracy in the Arab World reaches high proportions, especially among women, but we cannot impress people by general, superficial statements.
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Women Between Reality and Illusion - August 1978 - Issue 5

Soon after her birth, they inculcated into her mind the idea that she was born for marriage; otherwise she would have to live like an outcast and to work as a servant in her brother's house or at some other relative's.
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Post-War Thoughts - June 1978 - Issue 4

Betore the Lebanese war, when we women came across another woman whom we knew or did not know, we automatically started discussing her appearance: was she pretty or not? Had the years left their mark on her face and figure? Was she elegant and well-dressed? To-day, the question which imposes itself on us is: what does she do? what kind of work or profession does she practice?
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Importance of Documentation in the Arab World - February 1978 - Issue 3

IWSAW's Documentation Center, mentioned in the second issue of Al- Raida, is an essential project because it is intended to be a stepping stone for all IWSAW future projects.


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Forward - September 1977 - Issue 2

The increasing consciousness of the important role that women can play in world-development today, finds its expression in various ways, one of which is the Women's Liberation Movement that is successfully organizing its activities in strategic areas of the more developed countries.


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Women, a Human Resource of Development in the Arab World - May 1976 - Issue 1

Arab woman today shares actively in the building and rejuvenating of Arab society as well as in the modernization of its development process. In spite of the constructive role played by women and its increasing intensity, it is a role which is still limited compared with the unexploited potential of women and the needs and challenges which Arab society faces.

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ISSN: 0259-9953

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